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Hugh Watters, Dundalk, one of the victims of collusion involving the RUC. British Army/UDR and UVF killers.Jack Rooney, another Dundalk man to die in the Dundalk bombing of 19 December 1976 - murdered by UVF killers in collusion with elements from the RUC and the British Army/UDR.




Ulster Television News online, 6 November 2006:

MONDAY 06/11/2006 15:19:48  

US academic shocked by report's findings

A US academic has described his shock at the extent of apparent security force collusion in loyalist paramilitary murders in Northern Ireland.

By:Press Association
  University of Notre Dame human rights law Professor Douglass Cassel was commenting after an international investigation he headed uncovered considerable evidence of British Army and police collusion in 74 sectarian murders during the 1970s.

The probe of 25 loyalist atrocities, carried out by a panel of human rights experts from around the world, found senior Royal Ulster Constabulary officers were aware and approved of collusion while officials in London had enough information to intervene.

The panel`s report also called on the British Government to appoint an independent inquiry to examine how high up the chain of command collusion went.

Professor Cassel told the Press Association at the Belfast presentation of the report: "Personally I was shocked.

"The British Government has a reputation around the world as one of the leading democracies and one of the longest histories of the rule of law.

"To find this extent of collusion in murders in the 25 incidents we investigated was shocking."

The panel was asked by the Londonderry-based human rights organisation the Pat Finucane Centre to investigate allegations of collusion in 25 loyalist attacks from October 1972 to February 1977 - most of which are linked to a loyalist gang known as the Glenanne group.

Among the incidents they investigated were the May 1974 Dublin Monaghan bombings which claimed 33 lives, the Miami Showband massacre in July 1975 during which three musicians and two members of the Ulster Volunteer Force gang died and the shooting of Catholic policeman Sergeant Joe Campbell in February 1977.

In only one case, the group was unable to reach a verdict on collusion because of conflicting accounts - the murder of 51-year-old driver James Marks and 78-year-old passenger Joseph Toland in a gun attack in Gilford, Co Armagh, on a minibus returning from bingo.

The panel also met members of three organisations representing republican victims of violence - Families Acting for Innocent Relatives, SAVER/NAVER, both in Markethill, Co Armagh, and the WAVE Trauma Centre in Belfast which caters for the victims of loyalist violence too.

Among the stories they heard were the murder of a woman in an acid and petrol bomb attack on a bus in Armagh in 1972, the shooting of a man pulled from a digger in Mullaghbawn and shot dead as he cleaned drains on his farm, the killing of three UDR men when a lorry carrying a 1,000lb bomb rolled into their barracks at Glenanne in 1991 and a South Armagh farmer`s account of the intimidation of Protestants who were driven from their land.

They also heard allegations by at least one former RUC man that the Irish Republic`s police, the Gardai, was not co-operative in bringing to justice IRA fugitives who fled across the border.

While the panel`s remit was to probe collusion in loyalist killings, Professor Cassel confirmed today: "There are some allegations we received of alleged failure of the Garda or the Irish authorities to properly co-operate with law enforcement in cases of violence against loyalists here in Northern Ireland.

"We will certainly be raising that with the Irish Government."

The report called for:

:: Investigations by an independent team into allegations of collusion in murders and attempted murders by loyalists, capable of identifying those involved, examining how high up the chain of command it went and focusing not just on RUC and UDR involvement but also British Army and intelligence agencies;

:: Investigations into murders carried out by republican groups;

:: Full co-operation by paramilitary groups on both sides with credible official investigations into collusion;

:: The publishing of the findings of all investigations, including those by the Historical Enquiries Team which currently plans only to share its findings with victims` families;

:: The state to acknowledge publicly its responsibility in sectarian killings where collusion is established;

:: Public apologies from senior officials to the families of victims of collusion.


  3 comment(s), order: FIRST, LAST post your comment Post your comment on this article  
  On 7 Nov at 12:11 - OBSERVER from NW said:  
Why is he "shocked"? The dogs in the street knew what the British were up to; anyone knew the British were behind these murders. When those who are supposed to enforce the law are above the law, then there is no law. Time for peace, time for the British to go.

  On 7 Nov at 13:40 - Peadar na Pobaire from Doire said:  
I don't think that these claims or the fact that evidence of collusion will come as any great surprise to members of the Nationalist community.

  On 7 Nov at 13:52 - Clare from Belfast said:  
At last the truth be known!!!!!

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See also:


Irish Times/, 6 November 2006: Garda Castigated In Report On North Collusion

Irish American Information Service online, 6 November 2006: RUC APPROVED AND COLLUDED IN 25 MURDERS - REPORT
2006-11-06 11:53:00.0 EST

BBC News online, 6 November 2006: Security 'Links' To Murder Plots

Ulster Television News online, 6 November 2006: US academic shocked by report's findings

Irish Independent, 7 November 2006: Inquiry 'shocked' at RUC collusion

Belfast Telegraph, 7 November 2006 Collusion: PSNI team 'not capable of getting to truth' Orde defends cold case team after international criticism

The Irish Examiner, 7 November 2006: Evidence found of British collusion in bombings

The Guardian, 7 November 2006: RUC and army 'backed killers'

The Irish-American Information Service, 7 November 2006: PRESSURE ON BRITISH TO INVESTIGATE COLLUSION EVIDENCE

The Irish News, 7 November 2006: Questions haunt probe into loyalist collusion.

The Irish Daily Mirror, 7 November 2006: Shock report alleges high-level collusion Officials 'had information on 25 atrocities' RUC & Army 'helped loyalists carry out. . 74 MURDERS

The Irish Daily Mirror, 7 November 2006: So many victims

The Dundalk Democrat, 15 November 2006:'We just want the truth' New investigation into 1975 bombing

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Produced in association with the Ludlow Family.

Last edited: 19 November 2006 17:08:06

 Visit the Ludlow family's websiteVisit Justice for the Forgotten  Statement by John Oliver Weir

Download the Barron Report (pdf file) on the Dundalk bombing.

Download the Barron Inquiry Report into the 17 May 1974 Dublin and Monaghan bombings, (pdf file)

Barron Report: on the Dublin Bombings of 1972 and 1973, can also be downloaded in pdf form

Download the Barron Report into the murder of Seamus Ludlow from the Oireachtas website (pdf file)

Copyright © 2006 the Rooney, Watters and Ludlow families. All rights reserved. Revised: November 19, 2006 .