25 Years On.
Magill Magazine article Sept. 2002
Victims Fund Established
The Barron Report
Ulster Television News online, 6 November 2006:
shocked by report's findings
A US academic has
described his shock at the extent of apparent security force collusion
in loyalist paramilitary murders in Northern Ireland.
of Notre Dame human rights law Professor Douglass Cassel was commenting
after an international investigation he headed uncovered considerable
evidence of British Army and police collusion in 74 sectarian murders
during the 1970s.
The probe of 25 loyalist atrocities, carried out by a panel of human
rights experts from around the world, found senior Royal Ulster
Constabulary officers were aware and approved of collusion while officials
in London had enough information to intervene.
The panel`s report also
called on the British Government to appoint an independent inquiry to
examine how high up the chain of command collusion went.
Professor Cassel told the Press Association at the Belfast presentation of
the report: "Personally I was shocked.
"The British Government has a reputation around the world as one of
the leading democracies and one of the longest histories of the rule of
"To find this extent of collusion in murders in the 25 incidents we
investigated was shocking."
The panel was asked by the Londonderry-based human rights organisation the
Pat Finucane Centre to investigate allegations of collusion in 25 loyalist
attacks from October 1972 to February 1977 - most of which are linked to a
loyalist gang known as the Glenanne group.
Among the incidents they investigated were the May 1974 Dublin Monaghan
bombings which claimed 33 lives, the Miami Showband massacre in July 1975
during which three musicians and two members of the Ulster Volunteer Force
gang died and the shooting of Catholic policeman Sergeant Joe Campbell in
In only one case, the group was unable to reach a verdict on collusion
because of conflicting accounts - the murder of 51-year-old driver James
Marks and 78-year-old passenger Joseph Toland in a gun attack in Gilford,
Co Armagh, on a minibus returning from bingo.
The panel also met members of three organisations representing republican
victims of violence - Families Acting for Innocent Relatives, SAVER/NAVER,
both in Markethill, Co Armagh, and the WAVE Trauma Centre in Belfast which
caters for the victims of loyalist violence too.
Among the stories they heard were the murder of a woman in an acid and
petrol bomb attack on a bus in Armagh in 1972, the shooting of a man
pulled from a digger in Mullaghbawn and shot dead as he cleaned drains on
his farm, the killing of three UDR men when a lorry carrying a 1,000lb
bomb rolled into their barracks at Glenanne in 1991 and a South Armagh
farmer`s account of the intimidation of Protestants who were driven from
They also heard allegations by at least one former RUC man that the Irish
Republic`s police, the Gardai, was not co-operative in bringing to justice
IRA fugitives who fled across the border.
While the panel`s remit was to probe collusion in loyalist killings,
Professor Cassel confirmed today: "There are some allegations we
received of alleged failure of the Garda or the Irish authorities to
properly co-operate with law enforcement in cases of violence against
loyalists here in Northern Ireland.
"We will certainly be raising that with the Irish Government."
The report called for:
:: Investigations by an independent team into allegations of collusion in
murders and attempted murders by loyalists, capable of identifying those
involved, examining how high up the chain of command it went and focusing
not just on RUC and UDR involvement but also British Army and intelligence
:: Investigations into murders carried out by republican groups;
:: Full co-operation by paramilitary groups on both sides with credible
official investigations into collusion;
:: The publishing of the findings of all investigations, including those
by the Historical Enquiries Team which currently plans only to share its
findings with victims` families;
:: The state to acknowledge publicly its responsibility in sectarian
killings where collusion is established;
:: Public apologies from senior officials to the families of victims of
||On 7 Nov at
12:11 - OBSERVER from NW said:
Why is he "shocked"? The dogs in the street knew what the
British were up to; anyone knew the British were behind these murders.
When those who are supposed to enforce the law are above the law, then
there is no law. Time for peace, time for the British to go.
||On 7 Nov at
13:40 - Peadar na Pobaire from Doire said:
I don't think that these claims or the fact that evidence of collusion
will come as any great surprise to members of the Nationalist community.
||On 7 Nov at
13:52 - Clare from Belfast said:
At last the truth be known!!!!!
I Top I
Pat Finucane Centre, Derry, statement, 3 November 2006: INVITATION
THE LAUNCH OF THE REPORT
OF THE INDEPENDENT INTERNATIONAL PANEL
ALLEGED COLLUSION IN SECTARIAN KILLINGS IN
. . .
Times/ireland.com, 6 November 2006: Garda
Castigated In Report On North Collusion
Information Service online, 6 November 2006: RUC
APPROVED AND COLLUDED IN 25 MURDERS - REPORT
2006-11-06 11:53:00.0 EST
News online, 6 November 2006: Security 'Links' To Murder
Television News online, 6 November 2006: US
academic shocked by report's findings
Independent, 7 November 2006: Inquiry
'shocked' at RUC collusion
Telegraph, 7 November
2006 Collusion: PSNI
team 'not capable of getting to truth' Orde defends
cold case team after international criticism
Irish Examiner, 7 November 2006: Evidence
found of British collusion in bombings
The Guardian, 7 November
2006: RUC and army 'backed killers'
Irish-American Information Service, 7 November 2006: PRESSURE
ON BRITISH TO INVESTIGATE COLLUSION EVIDENCE
The Irish News,
7 November 2006: Questions haunt probe into
Irish Daily Mirror, 7 November 2006: Shock
report alleges high-level collusion
Officials 'had information on 25 atrocities' RUC
& Army 'helped loyalists carry out. . 74 MURDERS
The Irish Daily
Mirror, 7 November 2006: So
Democrat, 15 November 2006:'We
just want the truth' New
investigation into 1975 bombing
Produced in association with the Ludlow Family.
Last edited: 19 November 2006 17:08:06
Visit the Ludlow family's
website. Visit Justice for the Forgotten Statement by John
the Barron Report (pdf file) on the Dundalk bombing.
Inquiry Report into the 17 May 1974 Dublin and Monaghan
bombings, (pdf file)
Report: on the Dublin Bombings of 1972 and 1973, can also be downloaded in
the Barron Report into the murder of Seamus Ludlow from the Oireachtas website (pdf
Copyright © 2006 the Rooney, Watters and Ludlow families.
All rights reserved. Revised: November 19, 2006 .